Links and Further Reading


This page contains links to other websites which provide more information on tongue tie. The links are listed under the following 3 headings:


      • General Information on Tongue Tie
      • Breastfeeding and Tongue Tie
      • Surgery for Tongue Tie




General Information on Tongue Tie


Dr Caroline Bowen's Article

A detailed and comprehensive description on what the tongue does and how tongue tie affects its actions. Written by a highly experienced and qualified Australian Speech-Language Pathologist, Dr Caroline Bowen, PhD.

Dr Lawrence Kotlow's Presentation

A presentation titled "Is Your Child Tongue-Tied?" by Dr Lawrence Kotlow, DDS. Dr Kotlow is a specialist paediatric dentist based in Albany, NY, USA, who has done much research on tongue ties and their treatment.  His website contains many other articles on tongue tie.

Dr Brian Palmer's Presentation

Dr Brian Palmer, DDS, of Kansas, USA, has been evaluating frenums for 25+ years. His presentation on this topic is intended to help educate all who might be interested as to why it is best to do frenotomies on newborns and to do frenectomies on others who did not have frenotomies at birth.

Mrs Maya Sanghi's Article

General information on tongue tie written by Speech-Language Pathologist Mrs Maya Sanghi of India. It is part of the "India Parenting" website. The page on tongue tie includes a very active forum where people from all over the world (mainly those who believe they have a tongue tie) have added their comments. Access to the forum may be gained by clicking 'here'


Breastfeeding and Tongue Tie

A compilation of links on breastfeeding a baby with tongue tie

A comprehensive collection of links on breastfeeding a baby with tongue tie at the Kellymom website. This website specializes in information on breastfeeding, sleep and parenting.

Mr Mervyn Griffiths' Article

An article titled "Do Tongue Ties Affect Breastfeeding?" by Mr Mervyn Griffiths, MCh, FRCS, Consultant Paediatric Surgeon at Southampton Hospital, UK, and published in the Journal of Human Lactation.

Mr Mervyn Griffiths' Talk

A talk on the subject "Tongue-Tie in Babies" - given at the UNICEF 2002 conference by Mr Mervyn Griffiths, and reported in the Association of Breastfeeding Mothers (ABM) journal by Sharon Breward, IBCLC.

Dr Brian Palmer's presentation

A presentation by Dr Brian Palmer, DDS, on the relationship between frenulums and breastfeeding. He hopes that this presentation will provide the documentation to enable those who believe that tight frenulums can have a negative impact on breastfeeding to convince a doctor or parent to do something about it.

Ms Barbara Wilson-Clay's Article

A short and precise article on tongue tie and how it affects breastfeeding by a well known lactation consultant Barbara Wilson-Clay BSEd, IBCLC. who is based in Austin, Texas, USA. She is the joint author of "The Breastfeeding Atlas" which has a chapter (Chap 18) devoted to Ankyloglossia.

Baby Centre Article

An article simply titled "Tongue-tie" which contains useful information on tongue tie and its affects on feeding. Includes diagnosis, treatment, surgery, and problems related to breastfeeding and bottle feeding. From the Baby Centre UK website.

Ms Ann Calandro's Article

An article titled "Tongue-tie By Any Other Name - Does Ankyloglossia affect Breastfeeding?" by Ann Calandro, RNC, IBCLC.

Royal Women's Hospital's Guidelines

Clinical Practice Guidelines titled ‘Tongue Tie - Management' from the Royal Women's Hospital in Melbourne, Victoria, Australia.

Bandolier Journal Article

An article titled "Tongue-tie: ankyloglossia" from the Bandolier Journal with a detailed analysis on prevalence and male/female ratio. It concludes that there is need for more research.

Dr Evelyn Jain's Video

Gives details about a video titled ‘Tongue-Tie: Impact on Breastfeeding' produced by Evelyn Jain, MD, CCFP, IBCLC. The video is intended to aid the physician in identifying tongue tie and performing frenotomy. It demonstrates a comprehensive method of assessment of the impact of tongue-tie on breastfeeding, as well as a follow up management plan for the lactation consultant.

Dr Jeanne Ballard's Article

An electronic article titled "Ankyloglossia: Assessment, Incidence, and Effect of Frenuloplasty on the Breastfeeding Dyad" by Jeanne L. Ballard, MD, Christine E. Auer, RN, IBCLC and Jane C. Khoury, MS and published in the journal Pediatrics.

Surgery for Tongue Tie

Dr Bechara Ghorayeb's photographs

The web site of Dr Bechara Y. Ghorayeb, MD, of Otolaryngology, Houson, Texas, USA, contains some good photographs of the surgery performed to release a tongue tie as well as photographs of before and after surgery.

Dr Lawrence Kotlow's Article

An article by Dr Lawrence Kotlow, DDS, on "Using the Erium:YAG Laser to correct an abnormal frenum attachment in newborns".

Dr Sody Abby Naimer's Article

An article by Dr Sody Abby Naimer, Amnon Biton, Daniel Vardy and Alex Zvulunov titled "Office treatment of congenital ankyloglossia" published in the journal Med Sci Monit.

Tongue Tie Example
Tongue Tie

An example of a tongue tie in a 7-year old girl where a short frenum pulls down the tongue, restricts it from moving freely and prevents the formation of a tongue tip.

The Book

“Tongue Tie – from Confusion to Clarity” by Carmen Fernando is the first and only comprehensive publication to bring together all aspects of Tongue Tie.